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Trading glossary

Trading glossary is something every trader will need to understand. SimpleFX will take you through some of the main terms used in trading and explain what they mean.

Trading Terms Glossary


'롱' 또는 '숏' 포지션을 갖는 것은 무엇을 의미합니까?

통화 쌍을 사는 경우 '숏' 통화를 판매하는 경우 '롱' 포지션을 여는 것입니다. 예를 들어, EUR/USD가 1 로트를 사는 경우 EUR의 10만 단위에 대해 롱 포지션을 열었음을 의미합니다. AUD/CAD 10 로트를을 판매한다면 1,000,000 USD의 숏 포지션을 열게 됩니다.



What is arbitrage in trading? It happens when you can take advantage of price difference - buy an asset at one place and immediately sell it in another market with profit.

Ask Price

What does ask price refer to in trading? It’s the price a seller asks from buyers in a market. When the asking price matches the bid price (offered by potential purchasers) usually a transaction happens.


What is an asset in trading? It’s a resource that can be possessed and exchanged between parties. A bond, currency, equity, commodity, or cryptocurrency - are some examples of assets. In practice traders exchange assets themselves (spot market) or contracts tied to assets (ie. futures market).

Automated Traiding

Traders can teach computer programs to make trade orders for them. The practice is called algorithmic trading. The orders can be executed by simple rules, ie. decision tree, or by deep learning algorithms that are able to teach themselves.


Base Rate

What is a base rate. Central banks, such as Fed, Bank of England or European Central bank, set the rate they charge commercial banks for loans. Higher base interest rates slows inflation, rises income from bank deposits, but also rise the cost of borrowing, and negatively influences the stock market.

Bear and bull market

Bull and bear are symbols of uptrend and downtrend. Bears are skeptical, they expect the prices of an asset (cryptocurrency or stock) to go down, or even collapse. They usually try to short the companies or cryptos at the right time. On the other hand, bulls are optimistic about the future price. They want to buy low and sell in future.


Currency Peg

What does it mean that one currency is pegged to another? Usually currencies used in different countries can be freely exchanged between buyer and sellers. It is less common that they are pegged, tied to the price of another currency, usually at the 1:1 ratio. Cryptos can be pegged aswell. The most popular are stablecoins tied to US dollar, such as Tether, USD Coin, or Binance Coin. Pegging a currency is tricky, as the central bank (or stablecoin issuer) needs to control the price.

Customer Price Index (CPI)

What is CPI? It’s one of the most popular tool to measure the inflation. It tracks the change of the prices customers pay for goods and services. It’s given in percentages. If it is too high central banks need to act and raise interest rates. The move can slo the economy down, but will help to curb inflation.


Fundamental analysis

What is fundamental analysis? It’s one of the most popular approach to assessing the value of an asset. For companies it takes into account their cashflow, reserves, financial and market results, as well as future potential. Traders who can correctly measure the fundamentals of an asset can see market opportunities as the current market price may be lower or higher than the intrinsic value of a stock, commodity, or cryptocurrency.

Future Contract

You might have heard of futures. These are derivatives. Buyers and sellers agree to a transaction at a specific price at a specific time in the future. Futures are a good way to hedge current positions. They are also often more volatile than the spot market, as futures prices sometimes can drop to negative.


Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

What is GDP? Gross domestic product is the sum of the value of the goods and services produced in a country (or region). Usually economists measure annual GDP to check if the economy is growing or shrinking, and to compare the economic power of a territory.



Some trades, positions or investmets are done to make profit, other to reduce ones exposure to risk. Companies, countries, and individuals can hedge making a move opposite to their main position. You may hedge by shorting futures of an asset you own (Bitcoin, Tesla stocks), or by investing in an asset which price usually moves inversely.

High Frequency Trading (HFT)

What is HFT? The use of computers introduced algorithmic trading and high frequency trading. Automatic algorithms can perform trades faster than humans, and find a better price, buy and sell faster than a trader acting manually. HFT strategies can lead to “flash crashes”, when algorithms make the same mistake at the same time.


Initial Public Offering (IPO)

What does IPO mean? The shortest definition is the stock exchange debut - the first sale of the equity in the public market. IPO turns a private owned company into a public company as anyone can buy a stake in it. Companies raise new investment capital through IPO, the owners decide to sell part of their firm. Before an IPO investment banks and owners asses the value of the company and propose a price per share. However, on the day a company goes public big price movements are very common.


If you borrow money, you are supposed to pay interest to the lender. The price of the credit is usually expressed by annual percentage rate (APR). A second meaning of interest is the stake a stockholder has in a company, also expressed as a percentage.

Intrinsic Value

What is intrinsic value? In finance the term is used to describe the true value of an asset, which usually is different from the market price. Companies, commodities, or currencies are undervalued or overvalued as it is difficult to assess the intrinsic value. Traders try to do it using fundamental analysis.


LImit Order

What is a limit order? Traders can open orders at a more attractive price than the current one. If you want to buy an asset, you can place a limit order at a lower price. If you are selling at a higher price. The limit order will be fulfille only when the market reaches your desired level.


What is leverage in finance? It’s a method of making more profit without investing more money. Traders can open a position using margin, which can be just a fraction of the value of an order. The margin trading provider lends the missing funds to their clients. Leverage allows you to make much more money if you are on the right side of the market, but if the market goes against you, you can quickly loose the margin.


When trading different assets you will quickly realize, that in some markets transactions happen very often, an don the others you’d need to wait several minutes for a price to change. This is the concept of liquidity. Liquid assets can be bought and sold any time, while less liquid assets (ie. expensive yachts) need a specific buyer.


Margin Call

When the funds on a trading account fall below the level needet to keep a position open, the owner receives a margin call warning. Unless more money is added to an account, the position will be automatically closed. In the past brokers would literally call their clients to inform about the situation, that’s where the term derives from.


Stop Order

When placing a stop order you want to execute a trade when the price is less attractive for you than the current one. Why would you want to do it? To stop loss. If you are holding an asset, you may want to sell if the price goes down before it crashes for good.


What is FIFO, and how does it affect hedging strategies?

In forex trading, FIFO (First In, First Out) is a rule requiring that you exit your first (or oldest) open trade if you have multiple trades of the same pair and size open. This can impact hedging strategies where you aim to open opposite positions (BUY and SELL) on the same instrument for risk management. If FIFO is enabled on your platform, opening a new position in the opposite direction will close the oldest position of the same size, preventing simultaneous BUY and SELL positions. To maintain both positions,, you need to disable the FIFO option, available in the Symbols panel next to the trade calculator.

What is a rollover?

Rollover is an automated process engineered to transfer your position to the next available contract on futures-based CFDs, such as BUND or TNOTE. It's free of charge and enables you to hold your position open past its expiration date without the need to close and reopen it at a new rate manually. More details, examples and upcoming rollover dates can be found here.

마진 콜은 무엇입니까?

마진 콜은 계정 자본이 50% 아래로 떨어지면 거래자에게 알려줍니다. 즉, 계정에는 제공된 증거금만 남기 때문에 계정 정지 또는 강제 종료를 방지하기 위해 더 많은 돈을 지원해야합니다. 거래 플랫폼은 마진 레벨의 30%로 설정된 스탑 아웃 레벨에서 거래 포지션을 마감합니다.

마진이란 무엇입니까?

마진은 트레이더가이 그 포지션을 열 수 있도록 브로커가 선의의 예금으로 요구하는 총 거래 크기의 백분율입니다. 이 금액은 수수료 또는 거래 비용이 아닙니다. 이는 거래에 대한 예금과 같이 귀하의 계정에 설정된 계정 자본의 일부일뿐입니다. 마진 요건은 명목상 거래 규모의 일정 비율을 사용하여 계산되며 거래 조건에서 사전에 중개인이 결정합니다.

비트코인은 무엇입니까?

비트코인은 나카모토 사토시(Satoshi Nakamoto)의 자체 출판 논문을 중심으로 2009년에 만들어진 디지털 통화입니다. 비트코인은 중앙 당국과 발행인에 대한 필요성을 피하면서 매우 저렴한 비용으로 신속한 지불(및 소액 지불)을 가능하게 합니다.

사이즈(규모)가 무엇입니까?

거래 규모는 사용할 자금의 양이 아니라 개방하고자 하는 포지션의 크기를 의미합니다. 거래 수단에 따라 다릅니다.

스탑 로스란 무엇입니까?

손절매는 이전에 열렸던 포지션을 주문할 때의 가격보다 고객에게 덜 유리한 가격으로 종결하는 명령입니다. 스탑로스는 귀하의 주문 한계점입니다. 이 한도에 도달하면 주문이 마감됩니다. 시장이 당신에게 불리한 상황에서 손실을 최소화하고자 할 때 유용합니다. 스탑 로스실 포인트는 항상 구매시 현재 제의 가격보다 낮거나 판매시 현재 희망 가격보다 높게 설정됩니다.

스팟 시장이란 무엇입니까?

스팟 시장은 금융 상품의 현재 가격을 다루는 시장을 가리킵니다.

스프레드란 무엇입니까?

스프레드는 입찰가와 가격 사이의 차이입니다. 입찰 가격은 통화 쌍을 판매할 수 있는 비율이며, 가격은 통화 쌍을 구입할 수 있는 가격입니다. 당사와는 유연한 스프레드로 다양한 상품을 교환 할 수 있습니다. 이렇게 하면 거래에서 가격 투명성이 향상됩니다.

슬리퍼지란 무엇이며 언제 발생합니까?

시장 가격이 격차를 초과하거나 주어진 가격의 가용 유동성이 고갈되면 슬리퍼지가 발생합니다. 시장 격차는 일반적으로 빠른 속도로 움직이는 시장에서 발생하며 가격은 중간 가격으로 거래하지 않고 수 핍을를 뛰어 넘을 수 있습니다. 마찬가지로, 각 가격에는 일정한 유동성이 있습니다. 예를 들어, 가격이 50이고 50에서 1백만을 사용할 수 있는 경우 300만 주문이 슬리퍼지가 발생합니다. 300만 개가 50개 가격으로 제공되는 1백만 개를 넘기 때문입니다.

외환 거래역에서 "주문량"이란 무엇입니까?

"주문량"이라는 용어는 거래하고자 하는 표준 로트의 수를 의미합니다. 1.00은 1 표준 로트 또는 100,000단위의 기본 통화를 나타냅니다. 따라서 0.10은 1 미니 로트 또는 10,000 기본 단위 통화를 나타냅니다. 0.01은 1 마이크로 로트 또는 1,000 단위의 기본 통화를 나타냅니다.

외환거래 중개인은 무엇입니까?

외환거래 중개인은 귀하와 서로 거래하는 은행 네트워크 사이의 중개자입니다. 일반적으로 외환 브로커는 유동성 공급자 역할을 하는 은행으로부터 가격을 제공합니다. SimpleFX는 가격 책정을 위해 여러 은행을 사용하며 빠른 실행으로 최고의 가격 견적을 제공합니다.

테이크 프로핏은 무엇입니까?

테이크 프로핏은 이전에 열렸던 포지션을 주문할 때의 가격보다 고객에게 더 유리한 가격으로 종결하는 것입니다. 인출 이익에 도달하면 주문이 마감됩니다.

트레일링 스탑은 무엇입니까?

트레일링 스탑은 스탑 로스 주문 유형 중 하나입니다. 그것은 시장 가격(롱 포지션의 경우)보다 낮거나 시장 가격 (숏 포지션의 경우)보다 높은 수준으로 설정됩니다.

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